Posts Tagged ‘EU’

Immigration might be an answer to the looming dependency ratio problem

May 23, 2013

By Hanna Autio and Tomi Vainikka

Europe is facing a problem: the amount of people retiring is growing fast while there are less and less people supporting them, as the fertility rates are dropping. This will affect the dependency ratio which is soaring especially in Finland. Immigration could be one of the solutions to the problem, but it’s not made easy.



People can soon suggest European laws

March 23, 2012

Group 5; Elina Kilpi, Heidi Söyrinki, Minna Rajainmäki

The citizens of European Union have soon a possibility to suggest new EU laws. If an organization or a group of individuals is able to collect at least million names for an initiative, a European Commission is obliged to process the proposal. The European Citizen’s initiative (ECI) was proposed already 2009 in Lisbon Treaty. It will come into force the first of April 2012.

The names have to be collected within a year and only from persons who are eligible to vote in the European Parliament election. The signers should come from at least seven member states. (more…)

Citizens’ initiative brings direct democracy to the European Union

March 23, 2012

Group1: Julia Virtala, Ossi Mansikka, Matti Vesikansa, Brian Otieno

The European Citizen’s Initiative (ECI) brings democracy out from Brussels to every citizen’s doorstep. It was approved of by the European Parliament and the Council on 15th of December 2011 and it is expected to come into force on April 1st, 2012. From then on, the citizens of the European Union will have equal rights as a majority in The European Parliament and the Member states; to set the agenda for the whole union.


European Citizens’ Initiative brings desicion making closer to people

March 23, 2012

Elina Rimpiläinen, Linda Finell

Starting from April 1, European citizens’ can directly influence EU legislation. European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI), a part of the Lisbon Treaty, gives ordinary citizens the opportunity to bring legislative proposals forward to the European Commission.

ECI proposals can be made in the fields that the Commission has legislative power, such as environment, agriculture, transport or public health, and should not conflict with the fundamental values of the European Union.


EU welcomes citizens to change the legislation

March 23, 2012

Written by Group 2: Johanna Nykopp, Jenni Tepsa, Anna Vanninen

Citizens are allowed to suggest directly new EU legislations after the 1st of April 2012. However, the new opportunity for citizens to participate in the EU legislation doesn’t obligate the EU Commission to any actions. In Finland, the citizen initiative already is in action. (more…)

EU starts taking citizen law initiatives in at the 1st of April

March 23, 2012

by Aleksi Vihunen & Ville Matilainen (group 3)

Waited since the Lisboan treaty ratified in 2009, the European Union takes one step closer to the model of straight democracy announcing the European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI) active at the April Fool’s Day. The ECI allows the citizens of European Unions have an effect on legislative proposals formerly made strictly by the European Commission. 


EU comes closer to its citizens on April

March 23, 2012

by Petra Piitulainen and Minna-Riikka Härkönen (Group 4)

European citizens can propose new EU laws from first of April. The European Commission can consider citizens’ initiatives, which get not less than seven nationalities and one million people behind them. Is Citizens’ Initiative solution to negative atmosphere in EU? (more…)

EU citizens can suggest new EU legislation for the first time

March 23, 2012

By Hannele Järvelä and Anniina Makkonen (group 7)

The European Citizen’s Initiative allows citizens to participate in EU legislation. The first initiatives can be considered from early 2012.


Life on the boths sides of the gulf: Estonian worker’s story

March 22, 2012

Written by: Group 2. Johanna Nykopp, Jenni Tepsa, Anna Vanninen

Aliide has two homes – one in Estonia and the other in Finland. The house in Tallinn she has built with her husband. The house in Finland is a work apartment and located just behind the Hospital she works in. Aliide misses her children who live in Tallinn but thinks this is the best way to manage. (more…)

Border control in the EU

June 1, 2011

Anna-Maria Tukiainen

The city of SchengenThe recent expansion of the Schengen Agreement area to new EU member states has improved the movement of people between countries. The EU is strengthening its external border control because of resent Middle East conflicts and illegal immigration waves. EU member states with an external border play a major role in the fight against borderless crime on land and sea and at airports. Finland and the Finnish Border Guard have played a central role in the development of the EU’s border security.

There are about 8 million illegal immigrants in the EU. Because of lack of an effective registration system it’s difficult to keep track of actual figures of people entering and leaving the EU. Key routes are Central Europe, the Balkans and the Canary Islands. Also in the Mediterranean countries the illegal immigrant situation is getting worse. The latest immigration battle is between Berlusconi’s Italy and France’s Sarkozy.Berlusconi and Sarkozy discussing about the migration issue

The Berlusconi government issued the 26 000 illegally arrived Tunisians temporary residence permits so they can travel freely inside the EU. Most French-speaking Tunisians are heading to France taking the immigration wave to North.  The refugees can now freely travel to the EU countries that joined the Schengen Agreement and this has upset France. The Member States should give up control of the borders to the free movement of EU citizens. But should the external borders of the Schengen area be better controlled to seal the “leaky” boarders?

The arrival of tens of thousands of North Africans has caused political fall-out across Europe with the EU preparing to reintroduce passport checks among Schengen-zone countries, after pressure from France and Italy. The cracks in the Schengen zone appeared to widen when Denmark decided to reinstate controls on its borders with Germany and Sweden to clamp down on drug and weapons smuggling. The solution is to improve the existing mechanism and not to allow member states to reintroduce border control by themselves without a consultation with the Commission and the Parliament.

  • Quick facts:
      • In 2010 104,049 detections of illegal border crossing at the sea and land external borders
      • In 2009 figure was 104,599
      • Important changes in 2011 or 2012, with the possible entry of Romania and Bulgaria into the Schengen area and Croatia’s possible accession to the EU.
      • Spain was the Member State in which the highest number of cases of forged document use was reported.

Links about the Schengen Agreement and border control:

Border Control Code

Schengen Information System (SIS)

Newly-issued EU passports

External Borders Agency